In fact, only a meager 25 percent did. Guilford was one of the first academic researchers who dared to conduct a study of creativity. Only 20 percent managed to break out of the illusory confinement and continue their lines in the white space surrounding the dots. Today many people are familiar with this puzzle and its solution.
The correct solution, however, requires you to draw lines that extend beyond the area defined by the dots. That this advice is useless when actually trying to solve a problem involving a real box should effectively have killed off the much widely disseminated—and therefore, much more dangerous—metaphor that out-of-the-box thinking spurs creativity.
After all, with one simple yet brilliant experiment, researchers had proven that the conceptual link between thinking outside the box and creativity was a myth. Both teams followed the same protocol of dividing participants into two groups.
The second group was told that the solution required the lines to be drawn outside the imaginary box bordering the dot array. Or so their consultants would have them believe. No one, that is, before two different research teams —Clarke Burnham with Kenneth Davis, and Joseph Alba with Robert Weisberg—ran another experiment using the same puzzle but a different research procedure.
They are much more common than you probably think.
He challenged research subjects to connect all nine dots using just four straight lines without lifting their pencils from the page. It was an appealing and apparently convincing message.
Indeed, the concept enjoyed such strong popularity and intuitive appeal that no one bothered to check the facts.
That is, direct and explicit instructions to think outside the box did not help. If you have tried solving this puzzle, you can confirm that your first attempts usually involve sketching lines inside the imaginary square.
The idea went viral via s-era media and word of mouth, of course. But you will find numerous situations where a creative breakthrough is staring you in the face. The symmetry, the beautiful simplicity of the solution, and the fact that 80 percent of the participants were effectively blinded by the boundaries of the square led Guilford and the readers of his books to leap to the sweeping conclusion that creativity requires you to go outside the box.
SHARE Although studying creativity is considered a legitimate scientific discipline nowadays, it is still a very young one. Overnight, it seemed that creativity gurus everywhere were teaching managers how to think outside the box.
Speakers, trainers, training program developers, organizational consultants, and university professors all had much to say about the vast benefits of outside-the-box thinking.
Because the solution is, in hindsight, deceptively simple, clients tended to admit they should have thought of it themselves. In the early s, a psychologist named J.Thinking Outside the Box: A Misguided Idea The truth behind the universal, but flawed, catchphrase for creativity. Posted Feb 06, Sorry, 9Now is only available in Australia Learn More.
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Katherine Elizabeth Upton (born June 10, ) is an American model and actress.
Upton was named the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue Rookie of the Year following her appearance in the magazine inand was the cover model for theand issues. She was also the subject of the th-anniversary Vanity Fair cover.
Upton has also appeared in the films Tower Heist (), The.Download